One of the deadliest infectious illnesses, tuberculosis (TB), continues to claim millions of lives each year throughout the world. In this article, we give a broad review of tuberculosis (TB), including its pathogenesis, symptoms, and recommended treatments. We looked through PubMed in order to find pertinent publications about TB in order to write this article. Additionally, we looked for relevant publications and clinical guidelines on the websites of international organisations including the World Health Organization (WHO) and the US Centres for Disease control and Prevention (CDC). The goal of this essay is to provide general knowledge to the public, patients, policymakers, and health professionals.