ANTIMICROBIAL RESISTANCE OF BACTERIAL AGENTS OF THE UPPER RESPIRATORY TRACT IN A TERTIARY CARE LABORATORY, SRINAGAR, JAMMU & KASHMIR, INDIA.
Paper Key : IRJ************971
Author: Vinay,Deepanshu Sharma,Sharik Ul Islam ,Sourbh Thakur
Date Published: 07 Sep 2022
The purpose of the study was to identify the bacteria that affect the upper respiratory tract and the antibiotic susceptibility patterns of isolates. The tertiary care laboratory at Dr. Qadri's Hematology Center & Clinical Laboratory, Srinagar, Jammu & Kashmir, India, collected the throat swab samples from 250 patients suspected of having an upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) and injected them into the culture medium. Only 228 patients had a proven bacterial infection.. The cultural, morphological, and biochemical traits of the isolated organisms on medium allowed for their identification. The most common bacterial isolate was found to be Staphylococcus aureus (45.61%), followed by hemolytic streptococci (22.51%). A hemolytic streptococci, Escherichia coli, and Haemophilus influenzae were among the remaining bacteria, while 34 (14.91%) were recognised as Klebsiella penumoniae, 19 (8.33%) as Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and the remaining strains were hemolytic streptococci. All Staphylococcus species were resistant to ampicillin, co-trimoxazole, and penicillin. All of the isolates had at least one antibiotic resistance. For gentaruicin, cefixine, and ceftazidime, respectively, the overall rates of resistance were all relatively modest