Water Temperature and Ship Performance in Onne and Rivers Port in Nigeria
Paper Key : IRJ************749
Author: Wariboko, Victor A.
Date Published: 07 Jan 2023
The study examined the relationship between water temperature and ship performance along Onne and Rivers ports in Nigeria. Cross sectional research design was adopted for the study. The population of the study consisted of 125 ship crew members from 25 ships (taken from the study areas). Eighty-five (85) crew members and seventeen (17) ships were from Onne Port and forty (40) crew members, and eight (8) ships were from Rivers Port. A sample of 83 respondents were studied. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyze data in this study. Persons Product Moment Correlation Co-efficient (r) was used to test the hypotheses in this study. The study revealed that an increase in the temperature of sea water leads to a decrease in hull resistance, thus a decrease in rate of ships fuel consumption which will lead to an increase in daily distance covered and reduce delay along Onne and Rivers port waterways. Conclusively, it is evident from the study that there is significant relationship between water temperature and the rate of ship fuel consumption along Onne and Rivers port waterways. The study therefore recommends that: Constant dredging of the channels in the waterways along Onne and Rivers port by the appropriate authorities. The wrecks along Onne and Rivers port waterways should be removed by the appropriate authorities as this will enhance ship speed, reduce delay in ship turnaround time and thus increase ship performance. The hull form of a ship should be considered when building in such a way as to maximally optimize its effects. All obstructions and impediments that limits ship performance along Onne and Rivers port waterways should be removed by the appropriate authorities.